3 September 2020

Social conditions of current life do not exactly constitute an ideal framework for the serene implementation of a balanced temporal perspective in the educational system. The article tries to contribute to: 1) substantiating the anthropological value of time, showing the decisive character that, in the current circumstances of accelerated change, the time domain has in the configuration of personal identity; 2) with a more applied nature and awareness of the interaction between time, power, and educational action, rethinking the meaning and scope of today's educational policy decisions.

Methodologically, we adopt a hermeneutical approach in which we critically analyse the temporal perspective as a coordinate of personal and social experience, as well as the predominant patterns that explain and justify the connections between time, power, and education.

We show how, within our individual possibilities, the balanced organisation of time contributes to achieving a successful personal identity, strengthening the ethical impetus of the educational task and transforming our lifestyle. However, the encounters and disagreements between time and education also depend on the horizons of meaning that we adopt at the collective level, which leads to power being seen as an explanatory variable.

Rethinking time and education leads us to reconsider educational policy decisions, in which we simultaneously notice obstacles and innovative possibilities. The change in individual and collective lifestyles, linked to a balanced temporal orientation, is associated with complex interactive and not merely unidirectional socio-cultural dynamics.

Please, cite this article as follows: Bernal Guerrero, A., Valdemoros San Emeterio, M. Á., & Jiménez Eguizábal, A. (2020). Tiempo, poder y educación. Repensando la construcción de la identidad personal y las decisiones de la política educativa | Time, power and education. Rethinking the construction of personal identity and educational policy decisions. Revista Española de Pedagogía, 78 (277), 377-394. doi: https://doi.org/10.22550/REP78-3-2020-02

3 September 2020

The time and way in which one lives should be addressed from a socio-educational point of view, an essential aspect for any young person in social difficulties to be able to achieve a full life, with legitimate aspirations and opportunities. The main objective of this research was to identify how young people in social difficulties use and manage their time, drawing on the words of the professionals who are responsible for their care, guardianship, guidance, and education. We also sought to identify the socio-educational intervention actions that are being carried out in different social resources to help young people to manage their time. For this purpose, a qualitative study was carried out using an open self-administered questionnaire to survey thirty professionals from the Community of Madrid, including social educators, teachers, social workers, and psychologists. The results indicate that, in the professionals’ opinion, young people do not use their time adequately and, mostly, they have no control over it, mainly due to personal situations that act as conditioning factors. There are also some notable achievements in time management acquired by these young people. Finally, the professionals’ testimonies suggest the use of different socio-educational intervention actions with young people to work on good habits and social values; protection, support, and guidance; as well as the proper management of leisure time. A line of future research opens up to study the effect of these actions on these young people’s independence and social inclusion.

Please, cite this article as follows: De-Juanas Oliva, Á., García-Castilla, F. J., Ponce de León Elizondo, A. (2020). El tiempo de los jóvenes en dificultad social: utilización, gestión y acciones socioeducativas | The time of young people in social difficulties: Use, management and socio-educational actions. Revista Española de Pedagogía, 78 (277), 477-495. doi: https://doi.org/10.22550/REP78-3-2020-05