Primary school.

9 June 2007

This article, rather than a simple description of features and facts, is aimed at a revision of the main problems which affect today to the primary level of formal education in Europe. However, for a right understanding of these problems, some reference is made to the historical evolution of "primary education" as a concept and as a set of educational institutions, and also to the different forms adopted by European education systems in terms of institutional and administrative structures. As to the problems, they have been selected having into account the priorites actually given nowadays by the countries, and they refer namely to the quality of primary education, relationships between public and private agencies, decentralization, school integration of ethnic minorities and handicapped children, curricula, etc. The quality of teaching staff is greatly stressed as the main problem.

28 February 2006

This article deals with the study of personal and social education in the textbooks related with the knowing of the social context, the environment and the technology in the primary school. The contents of eighteen textbooks have been analyzed and classified in three main groups: l) the self (self-consciousness and autonomy 2) the self and social context (knowledge of social groups -family, school, friends, professional groups, local community, the media-, and interpersonal values -responsibility, participation, social skills and diversity-), 3) human being and environment. These contents have been used as categories of analysis in order to know the frequency of use in the textbooks. The results show that the presence of contents related with personal and social education in the textbooks is quite variable. The description of social groups is very high in comparison with the low presence of personal and interpersonal values.


Key words: Textbooks, Socialization, Personal-social skills, Personal-social values, Primary school.