14 May 2021

Parents often ask themselves what to do and how to deal with the different situations that arise with their children. Parent education programmes (PEP) attempt to provide answers to these questions. Nevertheless, it is pertinent to perform an updated assessment of parents’ training and socio-educational needs in relation to the upbringing and parenting of children. To this end, the following objectives were set: a) to determine the degree of compliance with the principles of positive parenting (PPP) in a sam­ple of mothers and fathers; b) to detect clusters of parents according to PPP and socio-demo­graphic characteristics; c) to identify their pref­erences regarding training and attendance at these interventions. The sample consisted of 389 parents. Qualitative content and quantitative de­scriptive and multivariate cluster analyses were performed and Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis H, Binomial and Chi-square tests were applied. Results showed lower scores for communication, stress management and involvement, and high­er scores for shared activities, recognition and affection. Four clusters of parents were obtained (low, medium, high and very high PPP follow-up). They expressed a preference for the group for­mat of the programme, attendance at weekends, in the afternoon and when the children are in early childhood. Some of the training content mentioned was related to emotions, communica­tion, conflict resolution, behaviour management, information and communication technologies, values, norms, sexuality and drugs. Respondents require interventions that take into account the priorities expressed. The findings will allow us to confirm whether the interventions implemented and evaluated in the context explored are a suit­able response to the needs detected, and also to justify the design of any new ones, if necessary.

Please, cite this article as follows: Rubio Hernández, F. J., Jiménez Fernández, M. C., & Trillo Miravalles, M. P. (2021). Educación y crianza de los hijos. Detección de necesidades socioeducativas y formativas de los progenitores | Upbringing and parenting. Detection of socio-educational and training needs in parents. Revista Española de Pedagogía, 79 (279), 249-267.

8 May 2017

Anxiety is one of the most common pathologies in the childhood and adolescent population and it has a high comorbidity that sometimes makes diagnosis and treatment very difficult. It also tends to persist over time, causing great difficulties in the daily life of children and adolescents. In this review the empirical evidence for the relationship between parenting styles and practices and anxiety in children and adolescents is analysed based on twenty-two articles. Reasonably consistent evidence was found, based mainly on European populations, that lower levels of anxiety, or fewer anxiety symptoms or internalising symptoms were related to affection, warmth, and acceptance from parents. In contrast, higher levels or more of these symptoms were linked to authoritarian style, rejection, psychological control, excessive parental control, over-involvement, rigid discipline, and hostile control. Furthermore, the review provided evidence of the need to develop preventive family education programmes and include parenting practices as an important part of the process for treating childhood and adolescent anxiety.


Cite this article as: Martínez Besteiro, E. & Julián Quintanilla, A. (2017). Relación entre los estilos educativos parentales o prácticas de crianza y la ansiedad infanto-juvenil: una revisión bibliográfica | The relationship between parenting styles or parenting practices, and anxiety in childhood and adolescence: a systematic review. Revista Española de Pedagogía75 (267), 337-351. doi: