moral values

14 May 2021

Education on moral values is an area that has caused controversy in the 20th and 21st centuries, in particular due to the social rejection of the possible indoctrination of students. Louis Raths’ Values Clarification methodology was one of the most represen-tative proposals that attempted to outline a moral education free of indoctrination. With­out further examining philosophical argu­ments that have already been dealt with in numerous publications, this article holisti­cally studies the history of this approach in order to learn from the efforts, challenges, victories, and failures of those who have preceded us in the task of educating citizens with moral convictions. The article begins by presenting the main points of psychologist Carl Rogers’ theory that most influenced the origin of this methodology. It then intro­duces the social context in which the Values Clarification programme arises, a detailed description of its key points, the warm recep­tion it received and, finally, the criticism and assessments that led to its dizzying downfall. To conclude, three brief reflections on moral education are presented, which, although not new, are reinforced by the study undertaken in this article.


Please, cite this article as follows: Dabdoub, J. P. (2021). Apuntes para una historia de la Clarificación de valores: origen, desarrollo, declive y reflexiones | Brief history of Values Clarification: Origin, development, downfall, and reflections. Revista Española de Pedagogía, 79 (279), 289-304. https://doi.org/10.22550/REP79-2-2021-06

8 June 2007

This study has been undertaken within the context of education for human rights, in order to identify, collect and analyse the values of a multicultural and cosmopolitan education.

It is expected that this study will contribute to the renewal of teaching methods which need constant up-dating in keeping with the demand for new knowledge with the necessary change in behaviour patterns and attitudes of pupils for a new society to which they will belong

30 January 2006

Educating in values is always essential, but finding the strategies that are needed to acquire this education is nowadays fundamental. Humans with education should grow as a person: the more knowledge they acquire to become more person, the more educational values will be achieved. However, in the opposite way, all the knowledge that does not help them to grow as a person would become a contravalue. It is important to acquire right habits and values. Growing can be only conceived as a capacity of constant adaptation to the changing world that we are living in, and, of course, in the evaluation of habits and values.

 

Key words: Learning strategies, moral values, contravalues, values education, habituation, learning to be.