human development

3 September 2020

Increased well-being and life expectancy have helped increase and strengthen relationships between grandparents and their grandchildren, although these relationships have been affected by the quarantine resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. This work analyses the frequency and periodicity of shared leisure time by these two family generations before the pandemic and grandchildren’s perception of their personal development resulting from the time they spent with their grandparents. This research considered 1080 children aged between 6 and 12, 53.61% of whom were female (n = 579) and 46.38% male (n = 501), resident in Cantabria, Vizcaya, Gipuzkoa, Álava, Navarra, La Rioja, Burgos, and Palencia. The target variables are: year of birth and gender of respondents, frequency of shared leisure time with grandparents, and reasons for this shared leisure time. 99.16% of these children shared leisure time with their grandparents with 96.18% doing so every week. 53.71% identified the learning their grandparents conveyed to them as one of the main reasons for sharing intergenerational family leisure time. The personal development they derived from their grandparents in shared leisure times was an important reason for 26.75% of respondents. Significant differences were found by year of birth and gender of the grandchildren, and gender and kinship of grandparents. This article highlights the great value of grandparents and grandchildren sharing leisure time in daily family life and that children were aware of the personal development these shared times produced. Social and family intervention policies should be aimed at facilitating, stimulating, and rebuilding shared time between grandparents and grandchildren and seeking two-way personal development between the two generations.

Please, cite this article as follows: Alonso Ruiz, R. A., Sáenz de Jubera Ocón, M., & Sanz Arazuri, E. (2020). Tiempos compartidos entre abuelos y nietos, tiempos de desarrollo personal | Shared time between grandparents and grandchildren: A time for personal development. Revista Española de Pedagogía, 78 (277), 415-433. doi:

8 June 2007

The present paper criticizes the current conditions imposed on poorer countries in their path to economic development, describes a number of cooperation models and presents a new conception of human development. It focuses on education for cooperative development. People's growth and development requires the preparation and training of those involved in the task. The education for cooperative development is approached from a moral perspective and, more specifically, from the perspective of education for compassion. Finally, a number of strategies geared toward this type of education are presented: communication, self-control, and moral discussion strategies that make those in charge of cooperation aware of other people's living conditions.

7 June 2007

In this article, the author analyses change as one of the Main characteristics of our society that could turn the man into an outsider. In order to prevent it, we have to elaborate innovative educational projects of permanent education where advances of technology have to be included. Educational aims have to play an strategic part in our society, where there are so many instrumental resources. Technologies evaluation becomes, nowadays, a pressing need in order to derive profit from them and to reduce their unsuitable effects, if we want them to serve educational values.

2 June 2007

This article offers a critical examination of the educational ideas in Amartya Kumar Sens capabilities theory, one of the fathers of Human Development and winner of the Nobel Prize in 1998.

After comparing the role of education in Human Development theory and Human Capital theory, I make an enquiry on educational applications of capabilities beyond socio-economic development, particularly in the relationship between liberty and education, and in educational quality with regard to school diversity.


Key Words: Human development, human capital, liberty, educational quality, social and cultural diversity

30 December 2005

Education contributes to economic development. However, the ideal development is the Human one. Education is one of the main factors involved in Human Development. The Social Development of the countries has to improve their social, political and mental structures. Strategies to improve social development include Birth Control, Family Assistance, Women Promotion, Social Equality, and Human Rights promotion. Ali this may be achieved by Education, through democratic ideas, innovation, and individual development of people and social groups.


Key words: Development, Education, Economy, Human development, Lifelong education.