factor analysis

21 May 2020

The development of motor competencies is one of the most important objectives of physical education, and therefore it is necessary to assess it from a pedagogical approach using valid instruments. The MOBAK battery is designed to assess basic motor competencies in primary education. It differentiates by the stage in the curriculum, and proposes a two-factor structure corresponding to the basic motor competencies of object movement and self-movement. This study has three objectives: to determine the construct validity of three test instruments of the MOBAK battery for assessing motor competencies; to determine how gender, BMI, and age covariates relate to motor competencies; and to examine the level of basic motor competencies of primary school children in Chile. A total of 1,785 children (45.7% girls) were assessed, divided into 1st and 2nd grade (MOBAK 1-2; 559 children; 50.6 % girls), 3rd and 4th grade (MOBAK 3-4; 496 children, 39.3 % girls), and 5th and 6th grade (MOBAK 5-6; 730 children, 46.3 % girls). The construct validity of each section was analysed using the confirmatory factorial analysis (CFA). The results confirm the two-factor structure in all sections of the MOBAK battery, they confirm the relationship between motor competencies and the covariates gender, BMI, and age, and they show that Chilean primary school children have low levels of motor competence, especially in 5th and 6th grade. The MOBAK battery is a suitable instrument for the assessment of basic motor competencies in primary education and is a diagnostic and monitoring tool for pedagogical practices and educational research.



This is the English version of an article originally printed in Spanish in issue 276 of the revista española de pedagogía. For this reason, the abbreviation EV has been added to the page numbers. Please, cite this article as follows: Carcamo- Oyarzun, J., & Herrmann, C. (2020). Validez de constructo de la batería MOBAK para la evaluación de las competencias motrices básicas en escolares de educación primaria | Construct validity of the MOBAK test battery for the assessment of basic motor competencies in primary school children. Revista Española de Pedagogía, 78 (276), 291-308. doi: https://doi.org/10.22550/REP78-2-2020-03

14 May 2018

Introduction: this study is part of a research project concerning the teacher training in information and communication technologies (ICT) profile. Its aim is to develop and validate an instrument for measuring this profile in primary and secondary schools. Methodology: after developing the instrument and administering it to a sample of 1,433 teachers in the Community of Madrid, its reliability, content, and construct validity were analysed (the latter using Structural
Equation Models with the IBM SPSS-AMOS program). Results: the reliability analysis gave Cronbach’s Alpha = 0.973 for the whole of the instrument. For each dimension this figure was: Curricular Aspects, 0.738; Planning and Evaluation, 0.878; Methodological Aspects, 0.903; Use of ICT, 0.935; and ICT Training, 0.894. The discrimination coefficient values of the final instrument items ranged from 0.33 to 0.74. The Confirmatory Factor Analysis demonstrates a good fit of the model to the data (CMIN/DF = 5,138; CFI = 0,905; RMSEA = 0,056; PRATIO = 0,928). Conclusions: this instrument has therefore shown that it has the necessary technical characteristics to be considered a valid and trustworthy tool for measuring the teacher training profile in ICT.


Cite this article as: Fernández-Cruz, F. J., Fernández-Díaz, M. J., & Rodríguez-Mantilla, J. M. (2018). Diseño y validación de un instrumento de medida del perfil de formación docente en tecnologías de la información y comunicación | Design and validation of an instrument to measure teacher training profiles in information and communication technologiesRevista Española de Pedagogía, 76 (270), 247-270. doi: https://doi.org/10.22550/REP76-2-2018-03