15 May 2022

The aim of this article is, given the scarcity of studies in the field of education, to es­tablish a model of the concepts underlying the methodological dimension of the con­struction of historical knowledge. To do so, we start by defining the operations of the historical method, which make up the empirical variables. We then consider the contributions from didactics to define the constructs. The initial model comprises two dimensions: structuring operations, which are defined as the operations essential for proceeding in accordance with the historical method, which entails methodical thought; and alternative operations, which provide divergence and multiplicity, in accordance with an avant-garde history. To verify the model, we designed an objective instrument with 44 items and carried out a study with 222 subjects, aged between 13 and 18. The data were analysed using a variety of pro­cedures (Pearson correlations, CFA, descrip­tive statistics, etc.), using SPSS and MPlus statistical software. Among other interest­ing results, verifying the proposed model involves verifying a structure established in accordance with the nature of the opera­tions, confirming the proposed dimensions. This configuration of the model has impli­cations for the field of research as well as direct consequences for classroom practice.

Please, cite this article as follows: Ponce Gea, A. I., & Sánchez-Pérez, N. (2022). Concepciones subyacentes a la construcción del conocimiento: un modelo desde la didáctica de la historia | Conceptions underlying the construction of knowledge: A model from history teaching. Revista Española de Pedagogía, 80 (282), 269-287.