Psychometric properties of the Social Network Addiction Questionnaire (SNAQ) for undergraduates
Propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario de adicción a las redes sociales (ARS) a población universitaria
Arminda Suárez-Perdomo, Yaritza Garcés-Delgado, Edgar García-Álvarez, & Zuleica Ruiz-Alfonso
Social network addiction in young people has been extensively studied and associated with multiple factors. Among the scales designed to measure this, the 24-item version of the Social Network Addiction Questionnaire (SNAQ) is one of the most widely used. This study analyses the psychometric properties of the Spanish version adapted to undergraduates. The content and construct validity of the scale was explored using the Rasch model and a confirmatory factor analysis. The data categorisation structure, construct dimensionality, model fit, subject and item reliability, Wright Map structure, and differential item functioning (DIF) were specifically analysed. 1,809 students from 24 Spanish universities participated. The results indicate that the SNAQ presents good reliability and dimensionality, and a good model fit; however, elements in need of improvement are appreciated mainly in the proposed Likert scale, in the development of new items that measure the extremes of addiction to social network sites and in the wording of one item. With respect to factor analysis, three factors were obtained thatcoincide with the original construct. With the improvements that have been observed through validation, the questionnaire could confidently be used to measure the construct in the university population. The instrument fills an important gap in the identification of addictive behaviours in the use of social networks, which could lead to a subsequent intervention involving undergraduates.
Please, cite this article as follows: Suárez-Perdomo, A., Garcés-Delgado, Y., García-Álvarez, E. y Ruiz-Alfonso, Z. (2023). Propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario de adicción a las redes sociales (ARS) a población universitaria | Psychometric properties of the Social Network Addiction Questionnaire (SNAQ) for undergraduates. Revista Española de Pedagogía, 81 (285), 361-379. https://doi.org/10.22550/REP81-2-2023-06
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Arminda Suárez-Perdomo holds a doctorate in Developmental Psychology and is a Assistant Professor at the Department of Didactics and Educational Research at the Universidad de La Laguna. Her lines of research focus on the evaluation of programmes to promote positive parenting in virtual environments for experiential learning, analysis of digital parenting skills, as well as problematic internet use among undergraduates and its possible influence on the behaviour of procrastination and educational goals.
Yaritza Garcés-Delgado holds a doctorate in Education which received the qualification of international doctorate and is an Assistant Professor in the Area for Research and Diagnosis Methods in Education at the Department of Didactics and Educational Research at the Universidad de La Laguna (Spain). She is a research associate in the Grupo Universitario de Formación y Orientación Integrada (GUFOI) (University Group for Integrated Training and Guidance) and the research and innovation group EDULLAB (Laboratorio de Educación y Nuevas Tecnologías) (Education and New Technologies Laboratory), both officially recognised research groups at the Universidad de La Laguna. She is a member of and the regional representative for the Asociación Interuniversitaria de Investigación Pedagógica (AIDIPE) (Interuniversity Association for Pedagogical Research) in the Canary Islands. Her lines of research focus on the development of methods and lines of research applied to education, academic and career guidance for students and the application of technologies to education.
Edgar García-Álvarez holds a doctorate in Business Structure. He specialises in university management, knowledge transfer and business innovation. His areas of academic knowledge are (1) business structure and administration, (2) statistical methodology based on the Rasch Model Measurement Theory (TMR) and (3) the agri-food sector. He is currently administrator of the Escuela Politécnica Superior de Ingeniería (EPSI) at the Universidad de La Laguna and a lecturer-tutor at the Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED).
Zuleica Ruiz-Alfonso holds a doctorate from the Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación at the Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. She is currently working as a postdoctoral researcher as part of the Juan de la Cierva-Incorporation Programme at the Departamento de Didáctica e Investigación Educativa de la Universidad de La Laguna, funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. Her main line of research focuses on analysing how to improve student involvement and performance through variables capable of being modified, such as the effectiveness of teaching and passion for learning.
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