Validation of the Ud-TIC scale on the problematic use of mobile phones and video games as mediators of social skills and academic performance

Validación de la escala Ud-TIC sobre el uso problemático del móvil y los videojuegos como mediadores de las habilidades sociales y del rendimiento académico

Adoración Díaz López, Javier Jerónimo Maquilón Sánchez and Ana Belén Mirete Ruiz

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22550/REP80-3-2022-06

In today’s society, ICTs have become essential tools and supports in the daily life of adolescents, being present in all areas of their lives. They can make optimal use of them, but also an irresponsible or problematic use, especially in a stage of high vulnerability such as adolescence. To further examine the study of this social and educational problem, the following objectives are proposed: 1) to validate a dimension of an instrument on the problematic use of mobile phones, video games and the Internet; 2) to validate a dimension of a scale on social skills; 3) to describe the effect of problematic mobile phone use and video games on social skills and 4) to describe the effect of problematic mobile phone use and video games on academic performance. A sample of 195 participants from southern Spain (Murcia) was selected. A quantitative, non-experimental, survey type research design was used. The reliability and construct validity of the instrument were calculated and descriptive statistics were performed. The instrument achieved good reliability (α = .841 ICT dimension); (α = .781 social skills dimension). Regarding the construct validity, a 6-factor model was reached that explains 64.27% of the variance, (KMO = .813; Sig <.005 ICT dimension); (KMO = .554; Sig <.005 social skills dimension), in the same way, ICTs are pointed out as mediators of academic performance and social skills. The study concludes by pointing to the Ud-TIC as a valid and reliable instrument.

 


 

Please, cite this article as follows: Díaz-López, A., Maquilón Sánchez, J. J., & Mirete Ruiz, A. B. (2022). Validación de la escala Ud-TIC sobre el uso problemático del móvil y los videojuegos como mediadores de las habilidades sociales y del rendimiento académico | Validation of the Ud-TIC scale on the problematic use of mobile phones and video games as mediators of social skills an academic performance. Revista Española de Pedagogía, 80 (283), 533-558. https://doi.org/10.22550/REP80-3-2022-06

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Adoración Díaz López holds a PhD in Education from the Universidad de Murcia, is Associate Professor in the Department of Didactics and School Organization of the Faculty of Education at the same university and Postdoctoral Researcher at the Universidad Internacional de la Rioja (UNIR). Her research interests are related to bullying and cyberbullying, problematic use of ICT and truancy.

 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8841-3701

Javier Jerónimo Maquilón Sánchez holds a PhD in Pedagogy from the Universidad de Murcia and is Associate Professor in the Department of Research Methods and Diagnosis in Education at the UM. He has participated in 18 teaching innovation projects, six of them as director, and has published more than 60 papers (Scopus/JCR) and 31 book chapters. His research interests are related to bullying and cyberbullying, problematic use of ICT, learning strategies and motivations in students, teacher teaching approaches and teaching innovation.

 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8089-5144

Ana Belén Mirete Ruiz holds a PhD in Educational Psychology from the Universidad de Murcia and is Associate Professor in the Department of Research Methods and Diagnosis in Education in the Faculty of Education at the same university. Her lines of research include those related to attention to diversity, story-telling for educational inclusion, teaching and learning approaches, as well as the use of ICT in education.

 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6011-8826

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