Time, power and education. Rethinking the construction of personal identity and educational policy decisions

Tiempo, poder y educación. Repensando la construcción de la identidad personal y las decisiones de la política educativa

Antonio Bernal Guerrero, M.ª Ángeles Valdemoros San Emeterio and Alfredo Jiménez Eguizábal

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22550/REP78-3-2020-02

Social conditions of current life do not exactly constitute an ideal framework for the serene implementation of a balanced temporal perspective in the educational system. The article tries to contribute to: 1) substantiating the anthropological value of time, showing the decisive character that, in the current circumstances of accelerated change, the time domain has in the configuration of personal identity; 2) with a more applied nature and awareness of the interaction between time, power, and educational action, rethinking the meaning and scope of today's educational policy decisions.

Methodologically, we adopt a hermeneutical approach in which we critically analyse the temporal perspective as a coordinate of personal and social experience, as well as the predominant patterns that explain and justify the connections between time, power, and education.

We show how, within our individual possibilities, the balanced organisation of time contributes to achieving a successful personal identity, strengthening the ethical impetus of the educational task and transforming our lifestyle. However, the encounters and disagreements between time and education also depend on the horizons of meaning that we adopt at the collective level, which leads to power being seen as an explanatory variable.

Rethinking time and education leads us to reconsider educational policy decisions, in which we simultaneously notice obstacles and innovative possibilities. The change in individual and collective lifestyles, linked to a balanced temporal orientation, is associated with complex interactive and not merely unidirectional socio-cultural dynamics.

Please, cite this article as follows: Bernal Guerrero, A., Valdemoros San Emeterio, M. Á., & Jiménez Eguizábal, A. (2020). Tiempo, poder y educación. Repensando la construcción de la identidad personal y las decisiones de la política educativa | Time, power and education. Rethinking the construction of personal identity and educational policy decisions. Revista Española de Pedagogía, 78 (277), 377-394. doi: https://doi.org/10.22550/REP78-3-2020-02

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Antonio Bernal Guerrero. PhD in Philosophy and Educational Sciences and Extraordinary Doctoral Award (UNED, 1992). Full University Professor of Theory and History of Education at the University of Seville, Department of Theory and History of Education and Social Pedagogy, of which he is Director. He leads the Pedagogical Research Group of the Person, recognised at the University of Seville. His research lines are mainly focused on educational theory, identity formation, educational personalisation, and entrepreneurial education.


María Angeles Valdemoros San Emeterio. PhD in Education Sciences (University of La Rioja, 2008). Tenured University Lecturer of the Department of Educational Sciences, area of Theory and History of Education (University of La Rioja). Member of the DESAFÍO (Development, Social Education, Physical Activity and Leisure) Research Group. Founding member and Secretary of the Interuniversity Network OcioGune. Director of the journal Contextos Educativos. Revista de Educación. Member of the International Committee of Scientific Reviewers of the journal Comunicar.


Alfredo Jiménez Eguizábal. PhD in Philosophy and Education Sciences. Extraordinary Bachelor's and Doctoral Award (Salamanca, 1983). Full University Professor of the Area of Theory and History of Education at the University of Burgos. Five six-year CNEAI research periods. Author of monographs and indexed journal articles. He directs the international research group Formadesa, specialised in Educational Policy and Planning. Member of the Research Networks of Excellence Ociogune and G-21-European Association for Innovation.