Learning approaches in excellent and average university students

Bernardo Gargallo López, Jesús M. Suárez Rodríguez, Eloína García Félix, Cruz Pérez Pérez y Piedad Mª Sahuquillo Mateo


We seek to analyse how the best students on entry to University work in order to transfer it to the rest of the University community. We used the Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F) to assess the learning approaches of a sample of 148 excellent students selected from 11 degrees from 9 centers of the Polytechnic University of Valencia, and we compared the results with those of a sample of 133 average students of the same centers. We found that excellent students used more deep aproach than average students. These ones used more surface approach. We also found that learning approaches had an influence on the academic achievement. The available data allow us to affirm that the professors can enhance the deep approach by using adequate teaching and assessment methodologies.

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