The present article analyzes some philosophical (especially anthropological) bases that underlie current Psychology, and which can affect the field of education. It shows how, although empirical Psychology was founded by being separated form Philosophy, in fact it has separated itself from some philosophical doctrines, and has become associated to others. Often, in psychological literature, some philosophical postulates are assumed, such as naturalism, Cartesian dualism (with the corresponding negation of freedom), positivism, radical Darwinism (which completely identifies man with other animals) and ethical relativism. Attention is called to the implicit character of these assumptions, that can confuse readers and educators.
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