In parallel with the reading of the philosophy of late Roman Stoics, the following issues are raised: the essentially pedagogical task of Philosophy; the connection of Stoicism with the philosophy of Camus, in as much both conforms an education to confront the suffering and the problematic one of human existence; and the critical element of social conventions which the Stoic Philosophy maintains, recovered by Rousseau and present in his pedagogy. Finally, we will conclude with some general reflections that relate the studied elements and extract consequences for education.
Key Words: Moral Education, Stoic Philosophy, pessimism, virtue, freedom, society
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