This paper reviews the furthest antecedents, in Greek classical thinking, of the two senses of the educational value «tolerance». From the old scepticism which neglects the search for truth does the permissive sense of tolerance as «everything is the same» come, which is then the line present in postmodern thinking and lifestyle.
The Socratic line, however, implies tolerance as the positive acceptance of the other, from the faith that there is a truth to which we may come closer together. As a conclusion, the need to join this second line is defended so that it will lead to a sort of education based on constructive dialogue, beyond the simple unlimited respect, which may take us away from the risks of a paralyzing «everything is ok» and which may contribute to the effective improvement of society.
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