Deep inferences and comprehension of expository texts

Manuel Montanero Fernández.


In this paper we analysed the inferencial activity that characterises the deep comprehension of expository texts. We have based on three criteria: the degree of explicitness in the text of the information obtained; the degree of complexity of the cognitive operations involved; and the role that such operations perform in the strategic process of comprehension. In this framework, we argue the possibility of distinguishing between two short elaborative inferences: situational and deep. Finally, we provide some approaches to educational intervention designed to increase deep inferences with Secondary Education students.


Key words: Deep inferences; Elaborative inferences; Expository texts; Strategies of comprehension

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