Exploring Theory of Mind in special population: the false belief task

Teresa Fernández De Vega e Isabel Lozano Guerra


This study had two aims: first, evaluate a peculiar special population in the false belief task; and second, compare the results with other special populations (autistic and Downs Syndrome population).  The task involved their ability to correctly understand memory / reality situations and also the ability to infer mental states of others. The findings support a mentalazing deficit for the experimental population. The results suggest that theory of mind deficit is not a singular deficit for autistic people.


Key words: Mental state, Inference, Mental retardation, False belief.

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