The mind-reality distinction: A conceptual perspective taking task in special population

Pilar Cabrerizo Fernández, Teresa Fernández De Vega, Isabel Lozano Guerra y Cristina Núñez Del Río


Children must come to distinguish between their own knowledge or subjective interpretation of an event and the objective reality that is external to the self. This research investigated the ability of special children to differentiate what is seen from what is know in a conceptual perspective-taking task. The task involved children?s ability to report the interpretation of someone who has less background information about a shared visual event.

l The results suggest that the awareness of the same visual information can be interpreted in different ways. It is a very late acquisition in mentally retarded subjects, and it appears as a variable independent from the mental age in this special population.


Key words: Perspective-tacking, Mentally retarded subjects, Interpretation, Inference ability. Mind-Reality

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